Çini, Turkish Tiles

This project is a research endeavor that explores the rich history and intricate artistry of the ceramic art of Iznik tiles, which originated in the Ottoman Empire. This personal research process, initiated to learn the traditional techniques of Iznik tile making, aims to gain a detailed understanding of this art form known for its vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and fascinating motifs. In light of the knowledge gained, the development of practice was supported by focusing on hand painting, glazing, and firing skills. The project traces the historical evolution of Iznik tiles to their peak during the Ottoman Empire, examining the changes the art has undergone and the cultural significance of these changes. The study explores the symbolism and cultural significance of the tiles by investigating their application in a variety of contexts, from mosques and palaces to objects of daily use. This exploration broadens the personal understanding of architectural design by revealing the narrative power and emotional impact of the material. Analyzing the characteristic features of Iznik tiles, geometric patterns, and floral motifs with their mathematical precision, this study examined the interaction of art with geometry and the integration of various patterns into contemporary architectural designs. This project has resulted in a series of products hand-painted with Iznik tiles, but this is only one stage of a journey. Transcending the historical context of Iznik tiles, this project represents the beginning of a new process of research and experimentation that has the potential to elucidate and enrich contemporary architectural spaces. In this context, further research and experimentation are planned, focusing on the timelessness and representation of Iznik tiles and aiming to establish a new narrative-based experience space at the intersection of history, art, and innovation.

Figure 1.  Tile with tree of life, 30x30 cm.

Figure 2.  Tiles with tulips and carnations design